- A personal relationship with God unrestricted by time. There is no continuous or coherent belief in the OT in eternal life in the sense of a divinely given quality of life which is uninterrupted by death or initiated at death. A shadowy, feeble kind of post-mortem existence is assumed by the story of the ‘witch’ of Endor bringing up Samuel to be consulted by Saul (1 Sam. 28). It is existence without any relationship to God (Ps. 6:5). But in the 2nd cent. BCE a belief in survival after death, expressed in terms of resurrection, appears in the book of Daniel [[➝ Daniel, book of]], giving comfort to Jews persecuted by Antiochus Epiphanes. The belief is echoed in 2 Macc. 7:14. This and other views about a life after death and post-mortem rewards and punishments were current among Jews by the time of Jesus. The late Wisdom text (Wisd. 2:1 to 5:23) offers the hope of the immortality of the soul, influenced perhaps by Platonic thinkers in Alexandria. According to Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]], the Essenes held a similar doctrine but this may have been an elitist rather than a widely accepted belief. Both Josephus and the NT (Mark 12:18; Acts 23:6–8) record that doctrines both of immortality and of resurrection of the body, espoused by the Pharisees, were rejected by the Sadducees.Generally in the OT the motive for right conduct is attributed to the covenant between God and Israel which governs the network of human relationships.The earliest evidence for specifically Christian views of life after death are in the letters of Paul, though a neatly constructed scheme cannot be drawn. He brought to his Christian faith the views on resurrection of his Pharisaic upbringing, to which he added his own experience on the Damascus road and what he encountered among Christian communities. From the early picture in 1 Thess. 4:13–18 of resurrected bodies meeting the Lord in the air, Paul moved to the more sophisticated interpretation of resurrection in 1 Cor. 5 with its insistence on the transformation of both living and departed from a perishable to an imperishable nature, though death itself will already enable the apostle to be ‘at home with the Lord’ (2 Cor. 5:1). It would seem therefore that Paul does not provide any description of life after death; rather that there is salvation from death.In the synoptic gospels a belief in the resurrection of the faithful is presupposed, and when Sadducees attempt to demonstrate its absurdity, they are firmly put down (Mark 12:18–27). Admission to the future life will depend on one's actions in this present life (Mark 10:24–5; 12:40).In the gospel of John, while Jesus is said to be God's agent for the eschatological acts of resurrection at the end (5:19–47) the emphasis is more on the present experience of eternal life (10:10) which cannot be severed by personal death. It is a promise depending on the character of God not on some property inherent in humankind. We are invited to trust in God's mercy, but not to suppose that his love is without judgement.The NT nowhere offers believers the prospect of eternal life in the future without passing through death (2 Tim. 2:11–13). While eternal life may be experienced to a degree in Christian existence here and now, its full realization lies in the future on the other side of death. Baptism is the first moment or stage in the process (John 3:5); death is a further stage; the resurrection at the last day (John 6:40; 11:25) is the ultimate goal.
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Eternal Life — Song infobox Name = Eternal Life Type = Song Artist = Jeff Buckley Released = August 23 1994 Recorded = Bearsville Recording Studio, Woodstock, NY Genre = Alternative Length = 4:52 Label = Columbia Producer = Jeff Buckley Andy Wallace Extra… … Wikipedia
Eternal life — This expression occurs in the Old Testament only in Dan. 12:2 (R.V., everlasting life ). It occurs frequently in the New Testament (Matt. 7:14; 18:8, 9; Luke 10:28; comp. 18:18). It comprises the whole future of the redeemed (Luke 16:9),… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
ETERNAL LIFE — in CHRISTIANITY participation in the life of GOD through the NEW BIRTH is referred to as eternal life. What is important here is the quality of life not its timelessness. Eternal life is the gift of God to believers in response to their… … Concise dictionary of Religion
eternal life — ; eternity This word (from the Latin æternus, meaning of great age ) refers to anything that will last for an indefinitely long period. Eternal life (and eternal punishment) will last forever. (See CCC 988, 1020) … Glossary of theological terms
eternal life — another name for immortality (or eternal life), is the concept of existing for a potentially infinite, or indeterminate length, of time. Throughout history, humans have had the desire to live forever. What form an unending or indefinitely long… … Mini philosophy glossary
eternal life — noun life without beginning or end • Syn: ↑life eternal • Hypernyms: ↑animation, ↑life, ↑living, ↑aliveness … Useful english dictionary
eternal life — everlasting life, immortality … English contemporary dictionary
eternal life — noun immortality … Wiktionary
eternal life — death It is what the devout, or the survivors, look for … How not to say what you mean: A dictionary of euphemisms
eternal life — Вечная жизнь … Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов